Profile of Aadan Cabdulle Cusmaan “Aadan Cadde”

June 19, 2007 at 5:39 am | Posted in somalia | 3 Comments

January 18, 2007

Aadan Cabdulle Cusmaan “Aadan Cadde”

Madaxweyne Aadan Cabdulle Cusmaan “Aadan Cadde” magaalada Baladweyne ee dalka Soomaaliya sanadkii 1908dii. Wuxuu waxbarashadiisii dugsiyada Quraanka & Dugsiyada Hoose, Dhexe iyo Sareba ku qaatay magaalada Muqdisho.

Wuxuu wax ka bartay maamulka dowladnimo, wuxuuna sameyay dhaqdhaqaaq ganacsi intii uusan ku biirin ka hor xisbigii Leegada ee SYL bishii Febraayo sanadkii 1944tii.

Sanadkii 1946dii wuxuu ka mid noqday xubnihii maamulka ee Xisbigaasi, waxaa loo doortay in uu noqdo xoghayaha xisbigaasi ee degmada Baladweyne.

Wuxuu sanadkii 1951dii noqday maamulihii gobolka Mudug, halkaas oo uu wakiil buuxdana uga ahaa xisbigii Leegada illaa laga soo gaaro sanadkii 1953dii.

Sanadkii 1953dii waxaa loo doortay in uu noqdo ku xigeenka maamulkii maxmiyadda ee loo yaqaanay Territorial Council, sidoo kale 1954tii waxaa loo doortay  Guddoomiyihii Xisbiga Leegada xilkaasina uu hayay illaa laga soo gaaro bishii Febraayo 1956dii. Bishii Maajo Sanadkii 1958dii waxaa loo doortay mar kale xilka ugu sarreeya ee Xisbigii Leegada iyo guddoomiyihii golihii lagu magacaabi jirey Somali Legislative Assembly, xilkaasina uu hayay illaa 1dii bishii July sanadkii 1960kii.

Sanadkii 1956dii waxaa Golihii lagu magacaabi jirey Territorial Council waxaa lagu badalay Legislative Assembly, waxaana loo doortay in uu noqdo xubin ka tirsan golahaasi, waxaana laga soo doortay magaalada Baledweyn ee dalka Soomaaliya doorashooyinkii dhacay, doorashadaasi ka dibna waxaa loo doortay in uu noqdo Guddoomiyihii Somali Legislative Assembly.

Sanadkii 1959kii doorashooyin guud oo dalka ka dhacay waxaa loo mar kale xubin, iyo in uu noqdo Guddoomiyaha Golaha Sharci dejinta Koofurta dalka Soomaaliya, wuxuuna xilka hayay illaa Golihii sharci dejinta uu noqdo Constituent Assembly.

Tanina waxay u saamaxday  in uu noqdo madaxweynihii ugu horreeyay ee soo mara dalka Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya ka dib markii ay midoobeen labadii gobol Waqooyi & Koofur ee Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya 1dii bishii Luulyo sanadkii 1960kii.

Golihii Baarlamaanka ee ugu horreeyay ee ay Soomaaliya yeelato wuxuu u  doortay in uu noqdo muddo hal sano ah madaxweyne KMG ah, sanad ka dibna waxaa in uu noqdo madaxweyne muddo lix sanadood ah, wuxuu dalka madaxweyne ka ahaa muddo 7 sanandood ah.

Madaxweyne aadan cabdulle Cusmaan “Aadan cadde” wuxuu ku hadlaa afafka Talyaaniga, Ingiriiska, Carabiga. Doorashooyinkii dalka ka dhacay sanadkii 1967dii waxaa looga adkaaday doorashooyinkaas, wuxuuna xilkii madaxweynanimo ku wareejiyay madaxweynihii la doortay Allaha u naxariistee C/rashiid Cali Sharmaarke, bishii June isla sanadkaas.

Sida uu qorayo sharciga jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, madaxweyne kasta oo ay yeelato Soomaaliya , wuxuu inta ka dhiman nolashiisa ahaanayaa xubin ka tirsan baarlamaanka, hadda waa Somali Statesman isku dayaya in uu wax ka qabto nabadgalyada dalkiisa, ka dib dagaalladii dhacay, waana madaxweynaha ugu cimriga dheer madaxweynayaashii soo marey adduunka. Wuxuuna si nabdoon weli u nool yahay dalka Soomaaliya.




Mr. Aadan Cabdulle Cusmaan

Mr. Abdella Osman, President of the Republic of Somalia, was born in 1908 in the town of Beledwein.

He completed his formal education in Mogadishu and then served his country, which was then under Italian administration, in a variety of offices and responsibilities from 1929 to 1941.

Before assuming his post, he was an active member of the Somali Youth League, until he turned out to be its leader and reputed president. He was also the president of the legislative assembly, and Somalia’s representative at the Moslem conference in Karachi, and at the UN Territorial Council.

The President speaks and writes Italian, Arabic, and English. His cooperative actions and farsighted vision in leadership brought Somalia its independence in one of the most constructive acts of statesmanship.

President Abdella Osman is a quiet, intelligent and efficient man. In his effort to lift the standard of living of his people, he inclines towards moderation and prudence. Knowing that stability and gradual development are the sure means to success, he prefers a slow but sure national evolution to a radical upsetting revolution.


President Aden Abdullah Osman:

H.E. Aden Abdullah Osman was born at Belet Weyne (Hiran Region). After receiving education at State Schools, he acquired administrative experience in Government oficies.

He subsequently devoted himself to his own business. In Febraury 1944, he joined the Somali Youth Club (subsequently called Somali Youth League), became a member of the party’s steering board and in 1946 was appointed Secreatry of the Belet Weyne section of the party.

In 1951 the Regional Council of Mudug designated him for the Territorial Council on which he served uninterruptedly (up to February 1956) as the representative of the S.Y.L.

In 1953 he was appointed Vice-President of the Territorial Council. In 1954 he became the President of the Somali Youth League and remained office untill 1956. Re-elected to the same position in May 1958, he occupied this post simultaneously with the post of the President of the Legislative Assembly until 1st July 1960.

In 1956, when the Territorial Council was replaced by Legislative Assembly, he was elected member of the National Assembly for Belet Weyne District at the general political elections, and in meantime the Legislative Assembly appointed him its President.

In the 1959 general political elections, he was again elected member of the National Assembly, which again appointed him Presedent. He maintained this post when the Legislative Assembly was converted into the Consituent Assembly.

In his capacity as President of the Constituent Assembly, on 1st July 1960, he proclaimed the Independence of the Somali Republic and following the unification of the northern and southern territories – former British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. The National Assembly chose him as Provisional President of the Republic for period of 1 year, and in 1961 re-elected him to the same mandate for 6 years.

He devoted his interest to legal, social and economic studies. Besides Somali, he speaks Italian, English and Arabic.

According to the Constitution of the Republic, the out-going President enjoyed life-membership of the Somali National Assembly (Article 51, paragraph 4).





Document No. 285 Washington, February 21, 1964, 5:53 p.m.

Please deliver following message from President Johnson to President Aden:

Dear Mr. President:

I have followed with deep concern events in the Horn of Africa during the past two weeks.

I have been very disturbed to learn that these events may have created misunderstandings in the Somali Republic regarding the position of the United States.

We have, as you know, a long history of friendship with Somalia. We value that friendship. We continue our interest in the independence, development, and democratic institutions of you country. Suggestions to the contrary come only from those who seek to disrupt our relationship. The fact of our friendship with Ethiopia in no way lessens our desire for continuing friendship and understanding with you and the Somali Republic.

We have expressed strongly to you government our hope for an early end of the hostilities in the Horn. We have made equally strong expressions to the Government of Ethiopia. We are gratified that, through the efforts of other African Governments, an approach to peace has been made. We hope that the Lagos meeting of the AOU Foreign Ministers will result in the establishment of a still firmer basis for understanding.

I am fully conscious of the serious problems which disturb the peace of the area. We are sympathetic and we will give our full support to sincere efforts to find peaceful and mutually satisfactory solutions to these problems in order to make possible concentration on development of the area in ways that truly benefit the people of the region.

Please accept my personal good wishes during these difficult times and my strong hope that we may increase that understanding which is the key to friendly relations between nations. I should be pleased to have your further thoughts on these matters and on the means through which you interested friends might assist in furthering the peace and welfare of this region.

Lyndon B. Johnson.





“…The principle of self-determination, when used properly to unify and enlarge an existing state with a view towards is absorption in a federal system of government is neither balkanization nor fragmentation. It is a major contribution to unity and stability, and totally consistent with the concept of Pan-Africanism”.

“A desire for unity must be matched by a willingness to sacrifice a measure of sovereignty, and to remold the machinery of government to absorb new political and administrative methods. I say that, not to alarm or discourage, but because I think it is time that our continent of Africa took a more practical and realistic view of the problems that have been created by the after effects of colonialism and their relations to a closer political association of African States”.

“There are some lessons to be learned from the short but nonetheless profitable experiences of this Republic; because we can claim with justice that we have made a unique, practical contribution to African unity by merging two independent African states into one-even against the established prejudices of interested powers. I do not have to enumerate the colonial-made problems that we have encountered in the field of fiscal, judicial, linguistic and administrative integration because they still preoccupy us and are too well known. But I would like to underline three lessons”.

“First–as a prerequisite to either a federal system or a total union of states, it is necessary to accept, as we have done in Article Six of our constitution, limitations of sovereignty on conditions of parity with other states.

“Second—we have learned that the outmoded concept of territorial integrity must vanish from our habitual thinking because its roots are embedded in colonialism, and it is incompatible with Pan-Africanism”.

“Third—we have learned of a cardinal principle underlying the effectiveness or otherwise of a political union between two independent states. It is this: the ordinary person must be able to identify himself and his interests with the new order, on economic, ethnic and cultural grounds”.

“It is this last lesson that is perhaps the hardest to learn but, if we Africans are proud to take our place as a democratic people in the comity of nations, we must do more than pay lip-service to the feelings of the ordinary man and woman in our society. We claim, many of us, to be African leaders and socialists. This implies that, through our wisdom and understanding, men will follow us, and, by the equity of our laws, our people will have equal rights and opportunities”.

“Regrettably, it is becoming commonplace in Africa today to accept the development of a privileged class of rulers, with the instincts of colonialists, as a substitute from government by the people. This is one of the after effects of colonial rule. But it is my duty to give this warning to my colleagues in Africa: it will be the unwillingness of African rulers to curb their powers and to lift their artificial colonial boundaries, that will frustrate the hopes and desires of the ordinary people of Africa to be led out of isolation and ignorance into the greater union of African States”.

“I am sorry to have had to end on a not of caution, but there is too much at stake, in the prevention of the kind of tragedies that beset our brothers in the Congo, for me to refrain from bringing unpalatable facts to your notice. Of course, I hope these forebodings will not materialize, but they exist for those who have the eyes to see and the care to understand”.

President: Aden Abdulle Osman




Discorso Del Presidente della Republica On. Aden Abdulle Osman al popolo Somalo, al tentative di rivolta e di scissione della Republica da giovani ufficiali ad Hargeisa.

Fratelli Cittadini,

Pemettetemi di rivolgervi la parola a rigaurdo del fatto assai spiacevole, a tutti voi noto che ha avuto luogo nel nostro paese e non imputabile ad aventi soprannaturali, come le inusuali piene dei fuimi o delle ugualmente inusuali continue piogge, ma perche voluto da giovani uomini, carne della nostra carne.

Mi riferisco al tentative di rivolta e di scissione della Republica operato da alcuni ufficiali subalterni. Considerando la cosa a sangue freddo, ogni persona, cui sia minimamente a coure la nostra nazionalita, trova senz’altro che il fatto e di una gravita estrema e senza attenuanti: e facile capire che se il tentative avesse avuto successo, l’aspirazione dei Somali ancora da noi divisi non per loro scelta, sarebbero stata iirimmediabilmente compromessa davanti alla opinione publica mondiale perche sarebbero stata una falsa prova che I Somali non sono sinceri quando dicono che vogliano unirsi, non solo, ma che non sanno neppure come governarsi quelli che sono independenti.

Per volere di Dio e per la fedelta encomiabile dei sottoufficiali e della truppa sui quail gli stessi giovani ufficiali avrebbero avuto contare, pero, la rivolta non ha avuto successo. Sia ringraziato Iddio che non ha permesso avesse corso tale vergogna.

E chiaro comunque, che la cosa non sarebbe finita come speravano coloro dhe l’hanno voluta, perche gli stessi cittadini che si voleva staccare dalla Republica non l’avrebbero sanzionata, ma se non fosse stato per il buon senso e la grande fedelta dei sottoufficiali e della truppa, spargimento di sangue in piu larga misura avrebbero avuto luogo, e non sarebbero morti solo due uomini come e avvenuto.

Mi duole il coure, fra l’altro, sia per il stroncamento della giovane vita dei duei morti, sia che un cosi buon numero di giovani del nostro Paese abbia rovinato il proprio brillante futuro dei sevitori onorati della Patria.

E altrettanto chiaro che detti giovani siano stati fuorviati non solo dall’ambizione di rivestire gradi cui avrebbero potuto accedere col tempo, ma anche dalla propaganda sovvertrice di certi Partiti che, credondo la democrazia indice di chaos e di arbitrio, da un pezzo non fanno che sobillare il popolo contro l’ordine constituzionale, dando ad intendere di fare critica senza peraltro indicare come agirebbero se fossero al posto degli uomini che ora rivestono cariche di responsabilita.

A proposito di cio, Fratelli Cittadini, desidero rammentarvi che sin dalla nostra accessione all’indipendenza ed in piu occassioni, non ho mancato di dirvi che il Paese intende vivere democraticalmente e che ne sono le base di garanzia la Costituzione e gli organismi creati: Parlamento, Magistratura ed Esecutivo, e cioe Governo, ognuno dei quail e indipendente per I propri compiti costituzionali.

Vi avevo detto che l’indipendenza non la possiamo perdere e che e tramontata il dominio straniero nelle parti di terre somale createsi in Republica, ma che puo, molto facilmente perdersi il sistema demcratico e finire il Paese nelle mani di cittadini che possono credere sia un bene governarci dittatioralmente come e avvenuto in moltiparti in Africa ed in Asia fra I Paesi che hanno ottenuto di recente indipendenza.

Ora che ho l’occassione di rivolgervi ancora la parola io non faccio che ripertervi le stesse cose, aggiungendo che per voi, amati fratelli, non deve avere importanza, ripeto non deve avere importanza per voi, che un tizio o dei tizi della Vostra famiglia sia Ministro, Deputato o alto Funzionario perche, anche se non sono tali quelli che vi servono, essi sono comunque Somali e quindi vostri fratelli.

Non dovete avere prevenzione contro alcun Somalo che sia in posti di responsabilita e dovete avere invece fiducia nil sistema constituzionale, proteggendolo e dennciare con prove alla mano chi fa male.

Bisogna smettere con la propaganda distruttiva, ma fare semmai una critica construttiva addi tando come corregere gli eventuali errori.

A moltissimi di noi piace criticare sovente astiosamente con animo malevolo persone ed organismi, pilastri del nostro essere di Stato indipendente,senza accorgersi di tendere a far sfigurare tutta la Nazione e dando cosi la dimostrazione a chi (stranieri, siano essi Stati o individuali) piace trovare in noi dei difetti.

Desidero dire a questi disfattisti che male o bene l’azione dei Parlamentari dei Governanti per non parlare della Polizia o dei funzionari riflette I nostri caratteri e che quindi non criticando singole persone, ma infangando tutto e tutti, essi infangono il Somalo come razza. Dico a costoro di smettere con le male parole nei bar e nei microfini dei Partiti. Ognuno tenga presente che il cabilismo lo alimenta se non lo crea chi lo usa difendendoloo accusando qualcuno.

Democrazia non e chaos o arbitrio e pertanto chi e uscito di senno, credendo il conrario, deve rinsavire tenere presente per l’avvenire che chi uscira dai limiti legali sentire il peso della Legge, essendo cio assai neccessario per una nostra ordinata e progressiva esistenza di uno Stato indipendente.

Con queste parole e con I miei ssluti fratelli ed auguri di ogni bene, grido: SOMALI HANNOLATO.

Radio Mogadishu ore11:00 del 17 Decembre 1961 . Presidente Adan Abdulle Osman



Lettera del primo Ministro Abdirashid Ali Shermarke al President della Republica Aden Abdulle Osman cui presenta le dimmissioni del suo Governo 16 Agosto 1961


L’Assemblea Nazionale, che aveva, nella sua riunione del 14 corrente, deliverato di procedere alla discussione del progetto di legge di iniaziativa parlamentare diretto a limitare il numero dei Ministri, dando la precendenza a tale discussione su quella relativa al programma del Governo e alla questione di fiducia, ha nella riunione di Ieri, 15 corrente, approvato il progetto di legge in parola con voti 63 contro 6.

Cio premesso, e poiche la approvazione di detto progetto di legge constuisca sensibilmente coi criteri che ho sostenuto di dovere seguire in occassione della recente formazione del mio secondo Governo, dopo aver avuto conforme parere del Consiglio dei Ministri in data odierna ho l’onore di rassegnare le mie dimmensione e quello del mio intero Gabinetto.

Colgo l’occassione, Eccelenza per esprimere I sensi della mia piu viva riconoscenza per la fiduciasempre dimostratami, mentre La prego di voler gradire le espressioni, altresi, della piu alta consideratione.

IL Primo Ministro On. Abdirashid Ali Shermarke (signed)



Lettera del President della Republica Aden Abdulle Osman al Primo Ministro Abdirashid Ali Shermarke cui respinge le dimmeisioni del Governo 16 Agosto 1961

Caro Abdirashid,

Ho ricevuto la lettera in data odierna con la quale mi hai rassegnato le dimmisioni del Gabinetto da te prsiduita a seguito del progetto di legge di ininaziativa parlamentare ieri appovato dalla Assemblea e limitante il numero dei Ministeri.

Pur Apprezzando il gesto tuo e dei tuoi Colleghi di Gabinetto e mia convinzione che il momento e la urgenti necessita contigenti a te note non ci consenano il lusso di allargare la crisi con l’apertura di nuove consultazioni, a parte del fatto che ti ritengo sempre l’uomo piu indicato a presiedere il Governo del Paese.

Permettimi, quindi di chederti, come ti chiedo con la presenta, di accettare l’incarico di continuare a presiedere il Governo applicando la legge teste approvata dall’Assemblea e consequentamente limitandoli ad eliminare I Ministri e le cariche che con essa legge fossero incompatibili.

Ti prego di darmi u a risposta con cortese urgenza.

Con la massima considerazione.

President della Republica

Ecc. Aden Abdulle Osman (signed)


Cudur Daar: Waxaan ka soo ururino Taariikhda Aadan Cadde ilo dhowr ah, waxaana rajeyneynaa inaysan aheyn mid qaldan, shaqsigii u arka inay wax kaqaldan yihiin fadlan nala soo xiriir.




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  1. Waxaan idiin soo dirayaa salaan kalgacaltooyo, salaan diiran ka dib, walaalleyaal waxaan halkan idinkugu soo gudbinaya cabasho waayeel, maxaa yeelay, waxaad qaadateen xuquuq aan anigu lahaa, oo ku saabsan taariikh nololeedkii madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya MD. Aadan Cabdulle Cusmaan. Maadaama aad qaadateen qoraalkii aan ka sameeyay, haddana website-kiina kuma sheegin halka aad ka soo xigateen, nasiibdarro.

    Waxaan idinka codsanayaa in aad arrintaas raaligelin ka bixisaan, haddaba haddii ay taasi dhici weydo waxaan saxaafadda Soomaalida u soo bandhigayaa xadgudubka aad u geysateen xuquuqda qoraalkii aan iska laahaa.


    C/casiis Cali Ibrahim “Xildhiban”

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