Who are the Somalis? (The Truth)

January 24, 2008 at 4:48 pm | Posted in somali | 29 Comments

Who are the Somalis? (The Truth)

by Abunas2008

What race are Somalis and who we really are? Are they a separate African race? Or are they mixed with Arabs and Europeans, to an extent which would explain their appearance. Although craniofacially (judging by facial features and our human the skull) Somalis resemble Nordic (particularly Norwegian) people more than any other ethnic group.

Also recent research has shown that the average Somali is genetically (when testing someone’s DNA) only 15% Caucasian, which includes Arabs, North Africans, as well as Europeans. The rest of the Somali genome consists of 5% Sub-Saharan African genes, and the remaining 80% consists of Cushitic (and possible semi-ancient Egyptian) genes.*

Please read this anthropology report about Somali people

Because of recent studies of Cushitic people, anthropologists have had to discard some of their prior theories on the origin and progression of the human race. Genetically, East Africans are at the midpoint in relationship to Sub-Saharan Africans, and the peoples of Europe and Asia.

“When the nonadaptive aspects of craniofacial configuration are the basis for assessment, the Somalis cluster with Europeans before showing a tie with the people of West Africa or the Congo Basin.”

“As our data show, the people of the Horn of Africa are craniofacially less distinct from a spectrum of samples marginally including South Asia and running all the way from the Middle East to northwest Europe than they are to any group in sub-Saharan Africa.”

Cushitic people are found largely in the Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea, which are the main countries which constitute the Horn of Africa and within these nations the following dominant Cushitic ethnic groups are as follows

Oromo: Largely populated in Ethiopia, Kenya and parts of Somalia [mainly as migrant workers or fleeing political persecution]

Somalis: Populated in Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya.

Afar: Populated in Djibouti, Ethiopia and Erirea.

Sidamo: Largely populated in Ethiopia.

Somalis nearest cousins and without a shadow of a doubt in my opinion are Afar ethic group. We share a similar Cushitic language, same racial features, same culture and traditional clothing and religion i.e. over 99.9% of Afar people are Sunni Muslims like Somalis.

If you STILL have difficulty in believing me check out my Youtube clip of Afar people and TRY to spot any difference

What is Cushitic?

The origin of the word Cushitic (also spelt as Kushitic) is from the Kingdom of Kush. The Kingdom that had traded, rivalled, was subjugated under but also ruled over the ancient Egyptian Kingdom. Here are some brief history about Kush Kingdom:
· The Kush Kingdom located in Nubia – present day Northern Sudan was first based in Kerma, then at Napata and finally at Meroe. By about 1700 BC the town Kerma had grown into a town of 10,000 with rich minerals like gold…

· The Egyptians even though having economical interests considered the Kush Kingdom a threat and occupied the territory for about 500 years.
· However from around 850BC the Egyptan state fell and rose the Kush which gain authority over all of Egypt.
· The Kush dynasty was based at Napata however after several hundred years of rule the dynasty ended after a military defeat at the hands of the Assyrians (a kingdom that was located in modern day Iraq)
· Around 600BC the Kushites was moved again further south along the Nile from Napata to Meroe.
· The Kush Kingdom flourished again as an advanced society through farming and new natural resources like iron: ore made Meroe the ‘Birmingham’ of the world with renowned blacksmiths.
· But again the after several hundred years Kush Kingdom in Meroe began to fade by the first or second century AD due to a major war with the Rome Egypt and the decline of its traditional industries like iron.
· The final blow to the kingdom was around 350AD when an army from the Kingdom of Axum (present day Meles Zenawi Tigray region of Ethiopia) invaded Meroe.
· However the Kushites (Cushitic) people by then had already dispersed eventually settling further down pass the Nile rive scattering and inhabiting throughout present day Horn of Africa.

From Meroe to Somalia (my thesis)

Some Kush people from Meroe eventually began to settle in present day north western and north eastern regions of Somalia stretching from Djibouti to all the way to Bosaaso. As they had settle they had continue to practice their old tradition such as blacksmith (iron workers) raising cattle’s or farming skills which they have acquired from Meroe.

As time went by and the religion of Islam began to spread, a (few) Arab traders had settled and taught Islam and married locals…and with this they had introduced new methods of transportation and raising livestock and cattle and a notable example is the camel and the system of semi-nomadic pastoralism.

Eventually after a few hundred years through intermarriage and the adoption of the true religion which is Islam and the adaptation of Arabic tribal/clan systeam, a distinct ethnic group of Somalis was created. Many Somali clans and sub-clans were created but due rugged terrain and lack of water in Northern Somalia many clans began to move south and competition due to conflict over grazing land for their livestock and cattles and water.

However, not all Somalis adopted the pastoralist way of living a few remand in the north and retained their skills as blacksmiths (iron worker) however due to the Somalis clannish ideologies these group of Somalis were and still are treated unequal in society due to their lower caste occupation i.e. Midgaan and others who are blacksmiths and craftsman.

The Somali youth must be aware of our beautiful culture and history something which sadly only a few are aware of. Somali youths MUST not class themselves as BLACK it is a derogative word…just get a 20>50 year old English dictionary and learn what the REAL meaning of BLACK or you even watch Malcolm X film directed by Spike Lee and see the meaning of ‘BLACK’

AND please people STOP saying Somalis ‘are from Arabs’ yes 15% of our blood is Arabs but who cares I don’t. I am proud to be instead 80% indigenous African…something that I will always be proud of.

p.s. plz send me any message If any one wants for info on any of my posted topics.

source:
*Distribution of blood groups in the East African Somali population.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/q…&dopt=Abstract

29 Comments »

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  1. One thing is for sure, we are not Arabs. We don’t look like them, nor do we speak their language. When Somalia was joining the Arab league, the strong argument for the protagonist were that Somalis are half Arabs, because they are our sons and daughters from our “concubines.” I do not care where Somalis are from originally. What is the point u all kill us{minorities}and each other. Somalis whether they all have one mother or father they cant get along. And Islam aint doing much either! Where is the brotherhood in Islam LOL. So just take care of your tribes and leave other tribes alone. F*ck daarood, hawiye, dir and isaaq! Viva Besha shanaad!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • I was with you until that Beesha Shanaad nonsense…

  2. Great article saxiib. I agree that we Somalis should never classify ourselves as black for the simple fact that we more genetically resemble Berbers and because doing so will ensure that we get absorbed by the much larger black population. We are Somalis, neither Arabs nor blacks nor a mixture thereof. It’s time we stood up and got counted.

  3. Great article. I agree that we Somalis should never classify ourselves as black for the simple fact that we more genetically resemble Berbers and because doing so will ensure that we get absorbed by the much larger black population. We are Somalis, neither Arabs nor blacks nor a mixture thereof. It’s time we stood up and got counted.

  4. hey dear confused somali people . remember arab will never ever take you as their brather or sister we all know that bE proud what you realy are which is AFRICAN like it or not arab don’t like you and you know that they simply call you ximaarul aswad so we are realy african black and we are black be proud what you realy are.i m somalian who visit most af africa arab world and america now all people whom i met call us as we are black african.so what.????????

  5. nice article wallah im glad that i read this but still im disappointed why cuz we got NIN who made a point but at the end said ” F*ck daarood, hawiye, dir and isaaq! Viva Besha shanaad!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!”
    SO YOU TELL ME WHAT TO SAY THATS WHY WE DONT HAVE A COUNTRY LET A ALONE RESPECT FROM THE WORLD. SO DONT WORRY ABOUT WHAT WE ARE WE ARE THE LOST GENERATION WE DONT KNOW WHO WE ARE AND WHAT WE ARE OTHER THEN WHAT OUR PPL TOLD US WHICH IS STAY WITH YOUR CLAN ARABS DONT LIKE US, AMERICANS CANT STAND US , AND EUROPEAN ARE SIMPLY HAVE HAD IT WITH OUR PPL SO GUYZ INSAHALLAH ALLAH WILL ONE DAY PUT PEACE IN OUR HEARTS.

    • well said bro,

    • thanx bro, i loved the history, it helped understand alitle more abt our people, my only wish is to have a united somali appreciative of their heritage, we dnt have to lean on any race to be significan, we can be dignified and matter as somalis. Let our clan start and stop at been somali or even kushite, thanx again

  6. I AGREE WITH KALAM IM MIXED MY FATHER IS SOMALI AND UR RIGHT WALLAHI GOD BLESS YOU MAN INSALLAH YARAB

  7. We are Somalis black and beatiful human being, the piuple of kush. good bless somalis!!

  8. Thank u for your work.

    that is not it, you should not sit and wait somalis to read this and open up their minds straight away. you need to turn this idea in to a film or write a book ., or a documentary. you can then get this great idea understood and conceptualised, otherwise you are giong to end up into the dust bin of history along with your unknown ancestors(probably the KUSH PEOPLE as u researched)

    i am a writer and a journalist and i am currently training as a lawyer should you need any help to take your ideas a step forward then get in contact.

    do not only stick to this kush posibility research further and build a pool of other posibilities, that is when the truth is going to surface otherwise, i urge u to use the Quran in case you need to know EXACTLY where the somali come from?

    THAN U

    MACALIN HUSSEIN , ENGLISH TEACHER UNIVERSAL TV UK.

    • Macalin Hussein, …..excuse me….but..are you out of your mind? I suppose Quran tells you where Somalis come from? If the answer is in the Quran, then why don’t you just tell him which ayat and sura?

      And you call yourself..a learned man…lawyer and a teacher.

      Folks, this is the kind of guy that will ultimately destroy somali. Next he will say Nebiga (csws)was somali.

  9. good article

    laakiin waxaa xaqiiqa oo suga ama qof walbo oo dunidan ku sugan ogsoonyahay in xawaa iyo aadam ay yihiin aabaheen iyo hooyadeen
    intaan ka imaanay iyo sidaan la yiri intaan ka baxno aan dhan waxaan nahay caruurtii xawaa iyo aadam

  10. Hi,
    Thank you for writting this article. As a proud Somali woman who grew up in the west society, I always wondered why we look different than other Africans. Now I know, thanks to your work.

    Thanks again,
    Ikran

  11. There are great points made in this article but i would like to know more on where our writer got his/hers sources from. As a fellow somali brother I never considered myself to be black nor arab and never will. We all know and have experienced in some cases that these two races cannot stand or bare us for what reason only god knows.

  12. I agree whit you brother, why we don`t say hey we are all somalia and we are one nation and we love eacht other as a brothers, sisters and we fight as one. any way we have the same culture,tradition, religion and the same language. why we don`t say we are the ancient egyptie,because the scienties also said the somalies are the ancient people egyptie

  13. Hey Adam

    I really enjoy reading your article ,you managed to include great historic detail on the history of somali people and their orgins , that so many dont people didnt know existed and were never told about.It can get confusing at times when somali people often come up with their own genetic mixture of where they think we orginated from usually the old liner ‘oh somali ppl are half arab and BS like that.

    So I will definitely forward this page to my fellow somali people,to educate and inform them on their newly discovered ancient history.

  14. tnx all 4 ur review

  15. this article was really poor. i cant believe you just said somali people resemble NORWEIGIAN people!! wow you must be blind or in denial. why do we do this to our selves why all this butt licking? why the ignorance?

    let me break it down: africa is a BIG place. its a big place with alot of people. south africans look a certain way; west africans look a certain way; north africans look a certain way; it would only make sence that EAST AFRICANS look a certain way. good God people use some COMMON SENCE!!

    just becouse some of us(not all) have slightly skinner nosses doesnt mean we are suddenly ARAb or EURPOEAN. remember the world evolved out of east africa. THEY CAME FROM US>>>not the other away around

    stop embrassing us please

  16. Woow! I am Norweigian??? hell noooo!

  17. a job well done,guys the reality is we are somalis not arabs neitha africans.

  18. THE LAND OF THE GODS

    A brief study of Somali Etymology and its historic-linguistic potential

    Abukar Ali

    I. INTRODUCTION

    When the author first began the present study of Somali etymology way back in 1982, it was more in the form of a hobby than anything serious. As a matter of fact, the author had neither the academic training nor the resources to embark on the study of a subject as complex as Somali etymology without even the benefit of a precedent. However, his success with the first set of words was an inspiration and convinced him that Somali was an indeed antiquated medium with a rich potential for historic-linguistic study.

    In the course of the present limited study, the author not only had to enrich his somewhat rudimentary knowledge of Arabic and Oromo but also found it prudent to study Egyptology, Islam and Christianity – subjects he thought of potential value to the study.

    For the purpose of the present study, the author carefully selected scores of important cultural words to work on. Occasionally, he had to ponder and sit on a single word for days, weeks or even months before he could split a word and understand its components. Naturally, the first word that topped the list was intriguing and often misinterpreted name of both the language and its speakers – Somali.

    The present study is by no means conclusive. A lot more needs to be done to realize the full historio-linguistic potential of Somali. As an amateur linguist, the author hopes to stimulate interest among linguists, historians and archeologists and provide them with a fresh perspective of the country known as ‘The land of gods’. Its people and their language. If it succeeds in this endeavor, then it would have served its purpose.

    II. THE HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

    Somalis are a homogenous race of mainly nomads and occupy a vast but sparsely populated territory between Djibouti on the red Sea and Tana River in the north-eastern Kenya. Believed a member of the Eastern Cu****ic group, which also includes the Afar, Oromo, Rendille and others, Somali are Sunni Muslims of the Shafi sect. Though generally fanatic in defence of Islam, Somalis tend to be rather liberal in practice. Companions of the Prophet Muhammad reportedly migrated to the Horn of Africa only a few years after Islam’s appearance in its birth-place of Mecca. To this day, however, the faith is yet to make a significant impact on the lives of these hardy nomads and appears to blend well with some age-old pagan traditions.

    Historically, very little was known about the Somali people’s pre-Islamic past. Despite recent fossil and genetic evidence which strongly advocate the theory that mankind originated in Africa, and East Africa in particular, there was relatively little archeological study of the Somali peninsula. Most archeologists and paleontologists tended to concentrate their search on the more hospitable and tourist-friendly countries of Tanzania, Kenya and Ethiopia. The logically more potential and geologically older terrain of Somalia was somehow ignored. The inhabitants of the Somali coasts were known to have contact and trade relations with the two known oldest civilizations of the world, namely ancient Egypt and Sumaria. Unlike ancient Egypt where scholars were able to uncover and translate numerous writings and records, our knowledge of Sumaria remained relatively scant and inadequate. The author, however, thought it of interest that Sumarian huts which were made of woven reed were an exact replica of a Somali nomad’s collapsible hut. Also strangely enough, the most important Sumarian deity, MARDUK, literally meant in Somali ‘The one who was once buried’.

    Perhaps the earliest and most detailed historical record of Somalia was that of the famous Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut’s voyage to the Land of Punt in 1500 BC. On arrival there, however, the king and queen of Punt enquired of her why she came after her ancestors forsook them for a long time. Apparently, contact between the two countries did not begin with the queen’s visit but existed much earlier.

    Ancient Egyptian records narrate how would-be Pharaohs were ritually required to go on a pilgrimage to ‘The Land of the Gods’ prior to their ascent to the throne. The name ‘The Land of the Gods’ and this ritual were apparently lost to historians who failed to appreciate the fact that the country was an important centre of religion and the cradle of idol worship.

    Sadly, Egyptologists often worked on the premise that the ancient Egyptian civilization began along the fertile Nile Valley where farming and other so-called pre-requisites for civilizations were possible. Without disputing the fact that this civilization made tremendous development and reached its zenith along the Nile Valley, its humble beginnings could have originated elsewhere where time and conditions obliterated any visible signs of its existence. With its huge obelisks, gigantic pyramids, ruined cities and other priceless archaeological treasures, Egypt no doubt provided everything scholars ever dreamed of and much more – and they never looked beyond since.

    While the mysterious ‘Punt’ was probably the ancestor of the Somali speaking people (? The Biblical Phut in Genesis), it was mainly ‘The Land of the Gods’ which captured the imagination of the author. It was an indisputable fact that, in ancient civilizations, religion dominated the lives of people and formed the pillars of their culture. Little wonder that most of ancient Egypt’s gods as well as the most important components of their culture came from the country they knew as ‘The Land of the Gods’.

    Paintings of their gods show at least six held the common Somali nomad’s HANGOOL – a handy stuff hook-shaped at one end and a V-shaped at the other traditionally used for handling thorn bushes. Another three gods held the slender Somali spear. Ancient Egyptian traditional dresses, the Royal scarf worn around the waist as well as the (Ivory) headrest all reminds one of the present day Somalia. Curiously enough, the beautifully decorated scarf to this day remained part of a Somali nomad girl’s ceremonial attire and was called BOQOR. The word BOQOR was also the only Somali word for king. While the method of burying the dead with their belongings was also a pre-Islamic Somali tradition, there where the persistent reports of the existence of man-made hills in north-east Somalia- a probable predecessor to ancient Egypt’s geometrical pyramids.

    Apart from the ancient Egyptian records, the only mention of pre-Islamic Somalia was that by the Greek geographers and travelers Herodotus, Strabo, Pliny, Ptolemy and cosmos Indicopleustas who visited the Red Sea coast between Barbaria and its people were Barbars. The name Berber was apparently a corruption of Barbar and, therefore, Barbaria must have been the original homeland of the North African Berbers.

    In all probability, the Red Sea Port city of Berbera was Barbara, the most important town in Barbaria. Perhaps it would be of interest to note here that the ancient Egyptian Hieroglyph was also called BARBA. Incidentally, BARBA in Somali meant ‘teach to write’ and was still in use in the old quarter of Mogadishu. BAR in Somali means ‘teach’ and BA was the first letter of the Hieroglyph as well as the Somali orthography. While the word Barbarism and Barbaric found its way into some European dictionaries in their correct spelling, they obviously referred to the hostile and ‘savage’ conduct of the North Africans who then were the only Barbars in contact with Europe.

    Another unexpected source which the author found valuable was the two Holy Books of the two main monotheistic religions, namely the Bible and Qur’an. In the opinion of the author, the age of the two books and their reference to historical events renders them a valuable source which could not simply be ignored or dismissed. As a matter of fact, the two books provided some useful hints which added to the mounting etymological evidence at hand. For instance, the Biblical YAHWE (later turned Yehova and Jehova) was evidently the same as the Somali YAHU – traditionally invoked to ward off evil or danger. While the Cananite god ‘Pal’ was still present in Somalia in the same sense in one or two words, the ancient Aramaic name for the almighty, EBBE, was to this day the most commonly used names for God besides the Islamic ‘Allah’. The Biblical TUBAN-CAIN, whose profession was to make instruments (Genesis 4:22) was obviously a Greek mispronunciation of TUMAL, the Somali iron-monger.

    According to the earliest interpretations of the Quran, the place where Cain slew his brother, Abel, was ‘GERIYAT’ which reportedly meant ‘The place of Death’. Incidentally, the hottest most desolate piece of desert in North-Western Somalia was called and thus also meant in Somali. GERIYAT (GEERIYAAD) lies about 25km south of the historical Red Sea Port of Zeila (probably the Biblical Zillah, the mother of TUBAL-CAIN). Also according to the Holy Quran, WAD(the ancient Hamite god) was one of the five idol-gods worshipped during the time of Prophet Noah. There was now etymological evidence that WAD was a Somali deity as also was HOBAL and several of ancient Egypt’s gods.

    III.THE LAND OF THE GODS

    Linguistically, Somali was classified as a member of the Eastern Cu****ic sub-group of the Cu****ic branch of the Hamito-Semitic family. Languages that belong to the Hamito-Semitic family were usually sub-divided into branches that represented dialects of the original parent language. These were Semitic, Egyptian, Berber, Cu****ic and Chadic.

    While some linguists rejected the existence of a genetic affinity between the Chadic and other branches of the Hamito-Semitic, others accepted it Similarly, on the basis of the low percentage of vocabulary items shared between the West Cu****ic languages and other members of the Cu****ic branch, some scholars classified West Cu****ic as a separate branch of the Hamito-Semitic known as Omotic. Still others connect Omotic with the Chadic group.

    In view of such considerable differences of opinion among linguists as to which language belonged to which group and the criteria to be applied in identifying a language, it would in the view of the author, be wise to expand the scope of the criteria to be applied. Just as new genetic evidence points to the fact that all human beings came from the same family of man and woman, available linguistic evidence also points to the same genetic origin of all languages. Obviously, the present criterion for classifying languages on the basis of the common origin of the most ancient vocabulary and word elements used to express grammatical relations were clearly inadequate and the cause of such difference of opinion. Consequently, a study of a language’s etymology would not only add to our knowledge of a people’s ancient history and culture but could also help in determining the age of a language as well as its relationship with other languages. However, the study of the word formation of a language was a rather complex subject and could only be attempted by a native with a fairly large reservoir of vocabulary, an inner feeling for the cultural circumstances in which a word formed as well as a working knowledge of other sister languages. Studying a language as a foreign medium was, in the opinion of the author, hardly enough to comprehend variations of the words of an ancient yet living language such as Somali.

    Unfortunately, the present study raises more questions than it provides answers in a discipline already beset with conflicting theories and arguments. However, whatever linguistic characteristics Somali seems to share with other languages of the Cu****ic group, the presence of a fairly large number of ancient objects of worship as well as names of God clearly separates it from the group and calls for a more comprehensive study of the language.

    (P.S. For the purpose of clarity, gods of Somali origin identified in the study as well as Somali words used are rendered in the new Somali orthography.)

    Contrary to the accepted traditional classification and the recent claim by Prof. M. Nuh (PhD UCLA 1981) that Somali separated from parent Cu****ic some 3000 to 3500 years ago, it was evident from the study the language could well belong to the ancient stage of the Hamito-Semitic if not earlier. The fact that it survived almost intact over several millennia could probably be due to its speakers’ unchanged pastoralist way of life and their almost geographical isolation in the North-Eastern corner of the Horn of Africa.

    Probably the most important word in the Somali language is its name, i.e. SOMALI. Often misunderstood and occasionally misinterpreted by Somali and foreign scholars alike, the author thought it befitting that the study should begin with it. Contrary to all erroneous theories advanced and meanings attributed to it, the name was a simple Somali noun describing the profession of its speakers, namely SOMAAL. In old Somali, so’ meant meat – now replaced by the modern word HILIB. Among speakers of MAI dialect, however, SO’ was still very much in use and was the only word for meat. The suffix MAAL means to live on or to make gain from. Hence SO’MAAL literally means ‘one who lives on meat’ – in other words a pastoralist.

    Apparently, in ancient times, Somalis were more efficiently divided along professional lines as opposed to the present cumbersome system of lineage. The TUMAAL was the iron-monger, BAAJIMAAL was the potter and BIYOMAAL (literally the one who lives on or makes gain from water) was either a cultivator or a fisher. Presently, a sub-clan of the main *** clan-family is called BIYOMAAL and live along the lower parts of the Shabelle river – though they practice both farming and pastoralism. To this day, however, the SO’MAAL, TUMAAL and BAAJIMAAL live true to their old professions. In line with similar words in the language, the difficult-to-pronounce Hamzah (’) in SO’MAAL was later dropped and replaced by the long vowel SOOMAAL.

    The only other Somali word with the suffix MAAL was DUMAAL which meant ‘one who gained from death’. DUMAAL was the word commonly used for wife-inheritance. In Somali tradition, a man is expected to inherit the wife of his deceased brother. Similarly, in the event of death of one’s wife, her younger sister is usually given to him in marriage to take the place of her deceased elder sister. Therefore, in Somali, a sister-in-law was a DUMAASHI (which should have basically been DUMAAL-SHI).

    WAD’AAD (now WADAAD), evidently the pre-Islamic word for priest (man of religion) was still commonly used and contained the ancient ‘Hamitic’ god WAD. Hence WAD’AAD, or more recently WADAAD, meant the attendant of WAD. In modern Somali, WAD meant ‘death’. Similarly, GAR’AAD (currently GARAAD) meant ‘an expert in law’ – probably the clan advocate. In modern Somali, however, GARAAD today means prince or Sultan of a clan.

    Another supposedly ‘ancient Hamitic god’, HOBAL, also was evidently of Somali origin. HOOBAL – alternatively HOOYAL – was probably the best known of all Somali gods and continues to dominate Somali poetry and traditional folklore songs. Pagan Arabia’s most important god, HUBAL, was none other than the Somali HUBAL, co-opted and given an Arabised sound. In modern Somali today, HOBAL, was understood to mean ‘Artiste’. The ancient god was probably the patron-god of Somali literature.

    Undoubtedly the most important aspect of the present study was the Somali-Egyptian relationship. Present linguistic evidence showed at least five of ancient Egypt’s gods came from or had obvious links with the country they at times called ‘The Land of the Gods’. For instance, the supreme sun god, RA’ (also alternatively called RA and RE) occurs as a component of a number of culturally-important Somali words. The all-important ritual word for slaughter, GOWRAC, clearly indicates the sun god was as old as the language itself. GOWRAC literally meant ‘cut for RAC’. The Oromo word for the same ritual was GORA’ with a Hamzah substituted for the more difficult to pronounce C (’). RA was the only god Somali shared with other Eastern Cu****ic branch with the exception of Waq which it also shares with the Oromo. Other Somali words which also contained the supreme sun god GARAC (an illegitimate child), ARRAWEELO (AR-RA-WEELO), the legendary pagan queen who castrated a whole generation of the Somali menfolk. ARRAWEELO literally meant ‘The one who obeyed RA’. The Somali word for ‘wrong’ was GURRAC (GUR-RAC). GUR meant ‘the left hand’, which in most languages stood for ‘wrong’.

    The two words GARRE (GAR-RE) and BARRE (BAR-RE) incorporated the third alias of the sun god, RE. Consequently, GARRE meant the same as GARAC – both meaning an illegitimate child. Hence the saying “GARRE GARAC MALE” – meaning the GARRE (a clan in the south) have no illegitimate child. It was an accepted tradition to this day among the clan that a newly-wed bride was immediately taken away by young herdsmen and could not be returned to her husband until she was pregnant. BARRE (BAR-RE) meant god’s rain. BAR means rain drops as in BARWAAQO (BAR-WAQ).

    HOROUS, the second most important of ancient Egypt’s gods, also appears to have originated in the ‘Land of the gods’. The dark falcon deity (Somali ABOODI) still remains a much feared bird. It was believed to be particularly dangerous to newly-born babies and nursing mothers. A piece of the bird’s bones or its claw was traditionally tied around the infant as a protection against its harmful spells. In North-Eastern Somalia in particular, the male name HORUSE was given to a child of dark complexion. To protect themselves against the falcon’s evil eye, nursing mothers often carry a knife or a short stick of the WAGAR tree. Incidentally, the Egyptian pharaohs reportedly carried the same WAGAR stuff to the battlefield to ensure victory against the enemy.

    OSIRIS, another of ancient Egypt’s gods who reportedly ruled the underworld after being killed by SET (Ed. Somali SED), was evidently a Greek distortion of ISIR and WASIIR in Somali. Today, Somalis sometimes refer to AB and ISIR in their denial of an accusation that was culturally horrendous. One usually says ‘I have neither AB nor ISIR for such an act’ – meaning I have neither the genetic probability nor the cultural or religious orientation to commit such a horrendous act.

    The pair WALCAN and WASIIR, now on their way to oblivion, were also used in a similar but slightly varying context. In modern Somali, however, ISIR was commonly used as a female name.

    NEPHDEYS and BES, two less prominent ancient Egyptian gods, also appear to have some affinity with the Somali language. While NAF in Somali meant ‘soul’, NEF meant ‘breath’. Hence NEPHDEYS literally would mean ‘The one who releases breath – a function more or less attributed to the ancient god. BES in Somali meant ‘One who was in his or her deathbed’ – also a function the latter god was associated with.

    The ancient Cananite god, PAL, was still alive in Somali in the same sense but probably in only two words –UUR-KU-BAALE-LE and YABAAL. The rarely used UUR-KU-BAAL-LE meant ‘One who has BAL in him’. One would usually ask: “How do you expect me to know your intentions? Do you think I have BAAL in me?” In essence, this meant only one who had BAAL in him could foretell the hidden or the unknown. YABAAL, possibly an alternative name for BAAL, was usually associated with the voice, of an invisible being that told one what to do or not to do in time of crisis in the wilderness.

    Finally, the ancient Mayan Sea god, MANYA, simply meant sea in the Somali dialect spoken in the old quarters of Mogadishu.

    IV. CONCLUSION

    The above brief study of Somali etymology does not attempt to re-classify the language nor does it set its probable age. But the evident fact that Somali contains the two most ancient ‘Hamitic’ gods, WAD and HOBAL, at least five of ancient Egypt’s most prominent deities as well as two Semitic and one Cananite ancient names of god clearly calls for a thorough review of this medium hitherto classified as Eastern Cu****ic.

    True to its old name ‘The Land of the gods’, Somalia was probably a very important center of religion in ancient times and the probable cradle of idol-worship for both sides of the Red Sea and farther afield. The fact that the Horn of Africa was the oldest settlement that combined both Hamites and Semites also lends more credibility to the current popular theory that human species originated in the East African region.

    Read more: http://www.city-data.com/forum/history/247129-original-egyptians-were-black-19.html#ixzz1KvH4US14

    Without any attempt to draw any conclusions, the present brief study merely seeks to shed some light on our knowledge of the Somali language and its mainly pastoralist speakers who until now attracted comparatively little attention from scholars. It was evident further study was needed not only to re-classify the language and assess its probable age but also to realize its full historio-linguistic potential

    Read more: http://www.city-data.com/forum/history/247129-original-egyptians-were-black-19.html#ixzz1KvH8hsee

    Language: Somali/Egyptian (meaning)

    Ra/Ra (The sun)

    Neter/Neder (divine being)

    Hipo/Hibo (the sound b doe not exist in Hamitic languages – gift)

    Heru/Huur (a stork)

    Tuf/Tuf (spit)

    Habi (the Nile)/Wabi ( a river)

    Ar/Ar ( a lion)

    cb/kab (shoe)

    brq/biriq (lightning)

    ayah/dayah (moon)

    dab/dab (fire)

    anka/aniga (I)

    su, asu/usi (he)

    Ka/Ka,Kaah (spirit)

    medu/muud (liquid)

  19. Thank so much for all the information you have given in this article , i have learned a lot, i always wondered what is origin of Somali people, your article has cast some light on some of my questions. I will follow up with your reaserch in the future and check out what else you have discovered about the origin of Somali people.

  20. Somali is not African or black

  21. This article is great in terms of generating curiosity more than anything else. Though the author offered a compelling theory, there is not much evidence to support it. There has been very little in terms of a written record concerning the Somali origin. Though I understand the negative connotation of being labeled black, especially in the west, the fact remains that we are black in color. It is important to note that future generations will be asking themselves who their ancestors were, and they will be inquiring about us. Just ask yourselves, what history are we leaving them.

  22. Presenting Kuwsh.com. Who is africa? Yahweh and Yahshowa amd etc….Would europe be able to keep her name? Is Sicily part of Kuwsh? New proof on http://www.Kuwsh.com.

  23. there is no caucasian admixture in somalis!

    “Comparative genetic studies on geographically diverse populations provide evidence of high levels of diversity in continental Africa. Sarah Tishkoff and her colleagues (1986) find an intermediate pattern of genetic variation at the CD4 locus in northeastern (actually Horn) African populations. They explain this by local evolution and not by admixture with Eurasians. In essence they are describing a gradient of differentiation. The Horn, largely at the latitude of Nigeria, contains a subset of the diversity seen in other African regions. Tishkoff and her colleagues suggest that the Horn’s inhabitant’s are the local descendants of those who left Africa to populate the world.”

    “, the Horn of Africa certainly contributed more recently to the Near East, because based on linguistic re- construction and the principles of “least moves” and “greatest diversity,” it is the geographical home of the ancestor of Afro-Asiatic languages, spoken primarily in Africa with one member in the Near East (Semitic) (Ehret 1984, 1995; Ruhlen 1987). Early Afro-Asiatic spread out from the Horn and did not come into Africa from Asia (brought by “Caucasians”) as was believed at one time, and as is occasionally assumed by non-linguists (e.g., Barbujani and Pilastro 1993; Cavalli-Sforza and Cavalli-Sforza 1995). In fact, there is evidence for movement out of Africa at the very time some claim in-migration (Bar-Josef 1987). By the time of the radiation of Afro-Asiatic speakers there was already genetic differentiation in Africa due to African biohistorical processes.

    There is no need to postulate massive European settler colonization of Africa or genetic swamping and/or settler colonization by Eurasians, as is implied or stated in some contemporary genetic work (Cavalli-Sforza et al. 1994), echoing the now defunct Hamitic hypothesis. Continental African variation may be interpreted largely without external mass invasions. The antiquity of modern humans in Africa means that there has been time to accumulate a large amount of random genetic variation (Cavalli-Sforza et. al. 1983), which has been shaped by great ecological diversity in the continent (Hiernaux 1975). Genetic drift woild also contribute to variability due to fluctuations in population size as founder effects and population expansion events occurred throughout the continent. Therefore it is far more accurate to speak of a range of biohistorical African variants than different races of Africans. Northern Africans are more accurately conceptualized as primarily the products of differentiation than of hybridization.”

    (S.O.Y. Keita and R. Kittles. The Persistence of Racial Thinking and the Myth of Racial Divergence, S. O. Y. Keita, Rick A. Kittles, American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 99, No. 3 (Sep., 1997), pp. 534-544)

    You should correct ur post there is no caucasian dna! the 5% sub saharan can be disputed.

  24. we are not jus black as rest of africa we are not arabs… we are somali people

  25. we are black, stop trying to cling to the misconception that we are ” just Somali or arab” and not African as if we are some kind of distinct group of people. we are as Somali as an igbo or a fulani is nigerian. have pride in your black African heritage, we as a nation do not have the privilege to divide ourselves from our neighbours, we have enough enemies as it is.


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