Xuskii halgame cabdulahi ciise maxamuud

March 31, 2008 at 5:52 pm | Posted in SYL (Somali Youth League) | Leave a comment
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Xuskii halgame cabdulahi ciise maxamuud oo ku beegan 24 ka marso 2008 oo ku soo aday iyadoo dalka soomaaliya ay heestaan cadoow soo jireen ah ayaan soo kobena tariikhda halgame cabdulahi ciise maxamuud

Muqdisho 23/03/2008 march Waagacusub.com

IN kastoo ay Taariikhdu tahay mid aan dugoowin mantoo kale shacbiga soomaaliyed waxey wayeen halyeey taariikhda soomaalida ku ween kaaso ahan ahan halgame C/llaahi ciise maxamuud 24kii bishii Maarso 1988 waxaa magaalada Roma ee dalka Talyaaniga ku geeriyooday Allaha u naxariistee halgame C/llaahi Ciise Maxamuud maanto kale sandii 2008 ayeey ku begneed iyadoo xuska halgamee cabdulahi ciise maxamuud uu ku soo adey iyadoo wadanka soomaaliya uu heesto gumeeysiga soo jireenka ahan ee itoobiya ayaa ku soo adey mantey iyadoo mantey kale magaala madaxda dalka soomaaliya ee muqdishow si ween laga xusi jirey iyo goobo badan oo dalka ahan hadana inkasto dadki soomaaliyed ay la daala dhaciyaa dhibaatoyinka uu badey gumisga cusub isgoo barkicin iyo xasuuq bahasan ku hayo hadan qalbiyada dadka soomaaliyed ee wadaniyinta ahan waa ku weynaan doontaa manto oo kale 24 marso waa malin ay wayeen halyeey qali ahan.

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June 19, 2007 at 6:58 am | Posted in SYL (Somali Youth League) | Leave a comment

Post-War period

HISTORY PAGE

SYL Somalia's first and most powerful party.

SYL Somalia’s first and most powerful party.

After the war, the British gradually relaxed military control of Somalia, and attempted to introduce democracy, and numerous native Somalian political parties sprang into existence, the first being the Somali Youth League (SYL) in 1945. The Potsdam conference was unsure of what to do with Somalia, whether to allow Britain to continue its occupation, to return control to the Italians, who actually had a significant amount of people living there, or grant full independence. This question was hotly debated in the Somalian political scene for the next several years. Many wanted outright independence, especially the rural citizens in the west and north. Southerners enjoyed the economic prosperity brought by the Italians, and preferred their leadership. A smaller faction appreciated Britain’s honest attempt to maintain order the second time around, and gave their respect.


Ogaden granted to Ethiopia

SYL Monument.

SYL Monument.

In 1948 a commission led by representatives of the victorious Allied nations wanted to decide the Somalian question once and for all. They made one particular decision, granting Ogaden to Ethiopia, which would spark war decades later. After months of vaciliations and eventually turning the debate over to the United Nations, in 1949 it was decided that in recognition of its genuine economic improvements to the country, Italy would retain a nominal trusteeship of Somalia for the next 10 years, after which it would gain full independence. The SYL, Somalia’s first and most powerful party, strongly opposed this decision, preferring immediate independence, and would become a source of unrest in the coming years.

Despite the SYL’s misgivings the 1950s were something of a golden age for Somalia. With UN aid money pouring in, and experienced Italian administrators who had come to see Somalia as their home, infrastructural and educational development bloomed. This decade passed relatively without incident and was marked by positive growth in virtually all parts of Somali life. As scheduled, in 1959, Somalia was granted independence, and power transferred smoothly from the Italian administrators to the by then well developed Somali political culture.

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SYL (Somali Youth League)

June 19, 2007 at 6:31 am | Posted in SYL (Somali Youth League) | 1 Comment

Somali Youth League


SYL Somalia's first and most powerful party.

SYL (Somali Youth League) Somalia’s first and most powerful party

1.Yaasiin Xaaji Cusmaan
2.Cabdulqaadir Sakhaawuddiin
3.Cusmaan Geddi Raage
4.Maxamad Faarax Hilowle
5.Maxamad Cusmaan
6.Maxamad Xirsi Nuur
7.Daahir Xaaji Cusmaan
8.Xaaji Maxamad Xusseen
9.Cali Xassan Maslax
10.Maxamad Cabdulle Xassan
11.Maxamad Cali Nuur
12.Dheere Xaaji Dheere
13.Khaliif Hudda macalin

 

The Somali Youth League (SYL) was the first political party of Somalia. It played a key role in Somalia’s road to independence during the 50’s and 60’s.

During the Second World War, Britain occupied the Italian Somaliland and administered the territory from 1941 to 1950. It was during this period (1943) that the Somali Youth League (SYL), was formed. SYL succeeded in uniting all Somali clans under its flag and led the country to independence. Faced with growing Italian political pressure, inimical to continued British tenure and to Somali aspirations for independence, the Somalis and the British came to see each other as allies. The situation prompted British colonial officials to encourage the Somalis to organize politically; the result was the first modern Somali political party, the Somali Youth Club (SYC), established in Mogadishu in 1943.

To empower the new party, the British allowed the better educated police and civil servants to join it. In 1947 it renamed itself the Somali Youth League (SYL) and began to open offices not only in the two British-run Somalilands but also in Ethiopia’s Ogaden and in the NFD of Kenya. The SYL’s stated objectives were to unify all Somali territories, including the NFD and the Ogaden; to create opportunities for universal modern education; to develop the Somali language by a standard national orthography; to safeguard Somali interests; and to oppose the restoration of Italian rule. SYL policy banned clannishness so that the thirteen founding members, although representing four of Somalia’s six major clans, refused to disclose their ethnic identities. Although the SYL enjoyed considerable popular support from northerners, the principal parties in British Somaliland were the Somali National League (SNL), mainly associated with the Isaaq clan-family, and the United Somali Party (USP), which had the support of the Dir (Gadabuursi and Issa) and Darod (Dulbahante and Warsangali) clan-families.

Although southern Somalia legally was an Italian colony, in 1945 the Potsdam Conference decided not to return to Italy the African territory it had seized during the war. In November 1949, the General Assembly voted to make Somalia a trust territory to be placed under Italian control for ten years (1950-1960). In the first national elections after independence, held on 30 March 1964, the SYL won an absolute majority of 69 of the 123 parliamentary seats. The remaining seats were divided among 11 parties. Five years from then, in general elections held in March 1969, the ruling SYL, led by Mohammed Ibrahim Egal, was returned to power, but in the same year a military coup took place, putting Siad Barre in power and in October 1969, the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) prohibited all political parties.

 

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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